Establishing a WMO SDS-WAS Regional Node for West Asia
The WMO has just released "Establishing a WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System Regional Node for West Asia: Current Capabilities and Needs. Executive Summary" by Dr. Emilio Cuevas(AEMET). The report full-text will be shortly published.
The report has been elaborated under the overall supervision of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Atmospheric Research and Environment Branch, with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for West Asia. Its aim is to assess the observation and prediction capabilities of sand and dust storms in West Asia and provide guidance in establishing a WMO Sand and Dust Storm (SDS) Warning Advisory and Assessment System (WAS) Regional Node for West Asia, by presenting the essential actions and activities to be implemented. The specific objectives of this report are to:
- Review published information on dust storm incidence in West Asia, including the Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey;
- Compile existing information on dust sources, frequency/intensity of dust storms and socioeconomic and environmental impacts of dust;
- Recommend a strategy for dust-model validation;
- Establish regional and national institutional mapping;
- Propose regional institutional collaboration mechanisms for the monitoring, prediction and delivery of dust-related products and services:
- Propose types and density of measurements in the region, based on existing observation capacity;
- Propose a multiscale/downscaling dust-forecasting strategy for the region, based on identified existing numerical modelling facilities;
- Propose a regional data-exchange policy;
- Advise on regional training and capacity-building programmes.
The WMO SDS-WAS mission is to enhance the ability of countries to deliver timely and high-quality SDS forecasts, observations, information and knowledge to users through an international partnership of the research and operational communities. It is proposed that the WMO SDS-WAS Regional Node for West Asia be established in collaboration with the UNEP Regional Programme to Combat Sand and Dust Storms. Through collaborative partnership with UNEP, the WMO SDS-WAS Regional Node for West Asia will provide SDS phenomena assessment and secure an SDS monitoring and early warning system for the region.